Multiple response

Difficulty level: Easy

What does the functionality do?

A multiple response question type allows the respondent to select one or more answers from a set of pre-defined answer choices. This question type is particularly useful for ticking off tasks on a to-do list. The various answer options of a question are displayed by means of rectangular selection buttons.

A hint text can be specified for any multiple response question. When you check the box next to Hint text, an input box will be displayed allowing you to give a detailed explanation to the respondents as regards the purpose of the question. The hint text is not included in reports.

A respondent is required to select an answer from the choices, once the box next to Force response (mandatory question) has been checked. If you omit to answer the corresponding question, the message ‘Please answer this question before you continue’ will be presented on the screen.

If the Randomize choices box is checked, all answer choices defined for a question will be displayed to the respondent in random order. This implies that the response sequence may vary from respondent to respondent. However, the respondent doesn’t notice that the answers have been randomized.

When you tick the box next to Minimum and maximum, two additional fields appear: Minimum of selected choices and Maximum of selected choices. These fields allow you to limit the number of answer choices to be selected from the question by the participant. Suppose you select a minimum of 2 and a maximum of 4, then the participant will not be able to select less than 2 AND no more than 4 answer choices when filling out the survey. For more information, see the Setting minimum and maximum for multiple response questions topic.


The arrangement options allow you to arrange the elements either in a single column (elements below each other) or in multiple columns (elements in line with each other). When using multiple columns, the number of columns depend on the screen width and the number of answer options for the corresponding question.

Answer choices

Here you define all answer choices (one per line) for the corresponding question, e.g. ‘London’, ‘Paris’, ‘Madrid’. By default, you can enter 7 answer choices for one question. In order to add an additional answer choice, you have to click the Add answer choice button. To remove one or more redundant answer choices, you can click the x sign after the corresponding options.

All answer choices have a unique numerical value (variable suffix); this value is incremented by 1 for each answer choice. The first answer choice has the value 1, the second the value 2, and so on. If these values for a particular question are not unique, this will undoubtedly result in an error message. In order to edit the numerical value of an answer choice, you must click the ellipsis sign (3 vertical dots) after the corresponding choice. When randomization is enabled (see above), you can indicate for each answer choice of a particular question that it should not be randomized (check mark at Exclude from randomization).

If for a particular answer choice (e.g. Bern) the box next to ‘Exclusive’ has been checked, then all other answer choices of the corresponding question will be checked out. A respondent will then not be able to select another answer choice (e.g. Madrid), if he/she has selected the aforesaid exclusive answer choice. Remark: the ‘Not applicable’ option (N/A) is always exclusive.

In order to enable the respondent to enter his/her own answer choice (here: city), you must leave the line empty and check the Add text entry and Force response (mandatory question) boxes. When filling out the survey, the respondent will then be able to enter a preferred answer choice (here: a city of his/her choice). Moreover, he/she will still be able to make a selection from the predefined answer choices.

You can change the chronological order of the various answer choices using the cell sign in front of the appropriate answer choice. In order to change its position, you have to select the cell sign and drag the corresponding answer choice to its desired position while holding down the left mouse button. As soon as you release the left mouse button, the corresponding answer option will be dropped to its new position.

Setting up a validation

If you want to restrict the number of selected answer choices to three, you wil have to include a validation element after the multiple response question. The above figure is displayed, after you have clicked the Edit conditions button. The respondent will be able to select a maximum of 3 answer options (cities), after you have registered the following data:

  • Hide this validation message
  • If – Question – q1 Which … – Number of selected options – smaller than or equal to – 3
Updated on November 16, 2022
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